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所長からの挨拶

吾妻重二
(関西大学東西学術研究所長)

関西大学東西学術研究所は1951(昭和26年)年4月に設立され,今年で70年を迎えたことになる。今や、東西学術研究のメッカとしてその名を世界に馳せている。
今でこそ学問領域の越境とか学際的研究とかが、声高に叫ばれるようになっているが、設立当初から「東西両洋文化の学術研究、殊に比較研究を行い、世界文化の融合に貢献する」という高い理念を掲げる本研究所は、まさに今日的学問のあり方を先駆的に主導してきたと言えるだろう。そして、その一つの形として具現化されたものが、「文化交渉学」という新しい学問体系の構築を目指したグローバルCOEプログラム(2007年に採択。5年間のプログラム終了後も研究所内に「関西大学文化交渉学研究拠点」が設置されている)であり、私立大学戦略的研究基盤形成支援事業に採択された「アジア文化研究センター(CSACII)」(平成23年-27年)である。どちらも華々しい研究成果を収め、国内外から高い評価を得ている。
その延長線上に2017年度にはまた私立大学研究ブランディング採択事業として、「関西大学アジア・オープン・リサーチセンター(KU-ORCAS)」が設立された。
現在、本研究所では8研究班体制を採り、それぞれの研究班が幅広い研究活動を展開している。具体的には、①研究、調査及びその成果の発表、②研究会・講演会・シンポジウムの開催、③外国人研究者の受け入れの活動等々である。
また、研究論文が「東西学術研究所紀要」(2021年、第54輯を刊行)に所載されるほか、各研究者の研究成果を集大成した研究叢刊(同65冊)をはじめ、訳注シリーズ(同21冊)、資料集刊(同88冊)、索引シリーズ(同1冊)、国際共同研究シリーズ(同10冊)、東西学術研究所研究叢書(5冊)などに見られるように、膨大な研究成果が蓄積されてきている。その他、活力ある開かれた研究体制をとるため、委嘱研究員制度を設けて外部研究者を受け入れ、新しい研究分野の開拓にも力を入れるとともに、研究拠点としての機能をさらに高め、外部への発信力を高めることに努めている。
本研究所は、また多くの海外研究機関と学術協力関係を結んでいる。
なお、若手研究者の養成にも力を入れており、準研究員制度を設けて大学院生の研究能力の向上に資するとともに、新たに非常勤研究員制度を設けて、学籍を離れたが、高度の研究活動を展開している若手研究者を研究組織に積極的に組み入れて、日本学術振興会科研費にも積極的に応募しながら、充実した研究の展開を促していく体制を整えつつある。
その他に、1951年(昭和26年)3月に本学に寄贈された大阪の著名な漢学塾泊園書院の蔵書約2万冊の整理に本研究所が携わったことが機縁となって、泊園記念会が設けられ、毎年秋に開催される「泊園記念講座」は、すでに60回を数える。
関西大学東西学術研究所が関西大学のブランドとしてこれまでの歴史の上に新たな発展を遂げるべく、研究員の更なる研鑽が続けられている。

The Institute of Oriental and Occidental Studies at Kansai University was founded in April, 1951, and celebrated its 70th anniversary this year. Our institute is now widely known all over the world as a major center for oriental and occidental studies.
We often hear nowadays phrases such as “crossing the border between disciplines” and “interdisciplinary research”, but since its inception our institute has been upholding the lofty principle of “contributing to the harmonization in cultures of the world by studying both eastern and western cultures, especially by comparing them”. It is not too much to say that we have been a true pioneer in the development of this contemporary way of thinking. Furthermore, we have succeeded in giving concrete shape to this comparative approach. One such realization is the Global COE Program which aims to construct new academic structures called “Cultural Interaction Studies”. The Global COE Program was adopted in 2007, and although its five-year term is now completed, “the Institute of Cultural Interaction Studies” still continues as a unit of the Institute of Oriental and Occidental Studies. Another realization is the “Center for the Study of Asian Cultures(CSACII)” which was adopted as a MEXT Supported Program for the Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities. (The five-year term of the program ran from 2011 to 2015.) Both programs have produced significant results and have received high evaluations both within and outside Japan.
The project, “East Asian Cultures Research of Kansai University by Open Platform” was adopted as a Private Universities Research Branding Project by the Ministry of Education, Culture Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), while KU-ORCAS (Kansai University Open Research Center for Asian Studies) was established in the year 2017.
Currently, eight research groups exist at our Institute. Individually, each group is involved in a wide range of research activities related to its area of specialization. Collectively, they are engaged in 1) studying, researching, and publishing research results; 2) holding seminars, lecture meetings, and symposiums; and 3) hosting foreign researchers and visiting academics.
Our research results are also communicated in “the Bulletin of the Institute of Oriental and Occidental Studies” which, as of 2021, has published 54 annual issues. In addition, we have published 65 “Research Collections” which contain the cumulative research results of individual researchers; 21 “Translation and Annotation” series; 88 “Source Material Collections”; one “INDEX” series; and 10 “International Joint Research” series. As is evident from this substantial number of publications, we have accumulated an enormous data base of research results. Furthermore, we have established a system of commissioned researchers, while also inviting external researchers in order to open up new fields of study which will promote an environment of vigorous and open research. Likewise, we endeavor to enhance the public role of our Institute as a major research center and to communicate the results of our research to the outside world. As part of that effort we have made agreements with many overseas research institutes to conduct joint projects.
Another aspect of our mission is to train young researchers. We aim to improve the research capabilities of graduate students by setting up an “associate researcher” system. And we actively include young researchers who engage in high-level research, even when they do not have official ties with the university, through our newly established program of “part-time researcher”. In this way we are now building up a well-structured organization capable of fostering productive research, one which will actively seek Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
Closer to home, Kansai University received in March 1951 the library of Hakuen Shoin (a famous private school of the Chinese classics in Osaka), consisting of approximately 20,000 books. Our Institute was involved in cataloging this large collection of books. Taking advantage of this opportunity, we established a Hakuen annual commemorative meeting; and we also hold a “Hakuen commemorative course” every autumn, which to date has met more than fifty times.
It is my hope that our researchers will devote themselves even harder to their studies in order to reinforce the Institute of Oriental and Occidental Studies at Kansai University brand and help it to advance its mission as a center of research on East and West.

概要